Double Exposures: Performance as Photography, Photography as Performance by Manuel Vason
Published online: 06 May 2016.
Bristol and Chicago: Intellect/University of
Chicago Press, 2015, 200pp, ISBN 978178
University of California, San Diego
In the image to the left, a table is covered in an off- white sheet (see Image 1). The sheet is covered in scrawled silhouettes: bodies splayed crime-scene style, syringes, a gun, a boot print, and blotches of red. At the wall to the back, which the table abuts, blood seems to hang in three small drips; and on the table itself are perched a microscope peering at slides, a disembodied bird’s head, petri dishes with assorted bits, and a photograph of a nurse in a jet black mask. In the image to the right, a nude man reclines in a greenhouse chair, head slung back, eyes closed, and the entire scene is covered in a gleaming drape of cobwebs. This diptych by Manuel Vason and Giovanna Maria Cassetta is included in the latest publication from Vason, the accomplished photographer who collaborates closely with a wide range of perfor- mance artists – not as mere documentarian, but rather as co-producer of their work. Indeed, the question of documentation, a perennial problem for those who work in the ephemeral arts, seems, with Vason’s astonishing Double Exposure, to have slipped from the frame, a surprising turn for a book of photographs of live art. This may be because this is not, in intent or effect, a catalogue: as David Evans writes in the book’s introduction, the images collected here are both ‘the exhibition and the performances’ (p. 9), a stunning experiment in the complex interplay between photography and per- formance that draws its audience in by evoking the capaciousness of a constitutive gap of knowledge. What is, or what happens, between the photographs in each diptych? Who is there? How do we know?
What connects these visual fragments?
Double Exposure is the most recent publication fromthe Live Art Development Agency (LADA), which has experimented with the form of the book as a constituent part of performance-based practice. This may be its most innovative and ambitious publishing project thus far, at least in how the images, comple- mented with a handful of short exploratory essays and artists’ notes, both portray and occasion discrete moments of collaborative performance. The diptychs themselves are divided into two series. In the ﬁrst (which includes the images described in the opening paragraph of this review), Vason asked previous col- laborators to direct two photographs about their work, one of which would include in its frame Vason himself. There is an almost tangible humility to this series, called ‘Reversing the Gaze’ (p. 54), in part because the photographer’s body itself becomes a living object within the performance. Of course, photographing the photographer is not without pre- cedent; but somewhere in the multiplicity of Vason being used in so many ways by these artists, the camera becomes something even closer to an audi- ence – or rather, the emptiness behind the camera’s eyepiece somehow makes space for us, distanced by time and geography from the shoot, but nonetheless present for the event.
In another series, with jamie lewis hadley, two more images convey a more direct sense of injury (p. 115). In the image to the left, we see half a man facing a white brick wall, back to the camera, left arm
raised straight to the sky. The arm is covered in a thick coating of blood, dripping down the man’s back, and is wrapped in bandages like a striped candy or a barber’s pole. In the image to the right, we see half of the same man, now facing the camera,
arm again raised, showing its other half. Here the bandages have been cut, interrupting the clean lines of the wrapping, and are covered in small blots of blood. The reader (or spectator, or audience member; those distinctions are challenged by the book)
cannot see his wounds. In this series, performance
artists with whom Vason had not previously collaborated were asked to devise works explicitly for the productive of two complementary images.
Image 1. Diptych by Manuel Vason and Giovanna Maria Cassetta, featured in Manuel Vasn, Double Exposures: Performance as Photography, Photography as Performance (2015), p. 73. Photograph courtesy of Manuel Vason.
Here the energy of the ﬁrst series – the audience-making it produced not despite but through the published book – recedes, replaced by something like a centri- petal force in the space between each diptych’s two images. That force is narrative, evoking a longing to know how each pair of images are related and what happened between them; but it is also, like perfor- mance itself, durational, undoing the ﬁxity of photography’s technique: to capture a moment in time. There is death in those spaces-between, and love, and sex, and more than a few drops of blood; we cannot see them, but we feel their tug.
It somehow feels as if the vibrancy of these diptychs, their hold on us, their dependency on us, would not have been possible in a form other than this book, at least not with quite the same effects. And this is perhaps Double Exposure’s greatest offer- ing. In so many other cases, where photography documents live art, its claims to performance – the photograph itself as an act – so often seem hollow, unable to summon or eventuate the same kind of vital, mortal thrill of a performance event. But here they are alive, ‘contaminating’ (as Vason and Evans both claim (p. 20)) both the forms of which they are a part (performance, photography, book) and, in their insistent summoning of us into their mysterious worlds, spectatorship itself.
© Patrick Anderson